What Is Metacognition And How Can It Help Students To Learn?


Metacognition is the practice of thinking about your learning or thinking abilities. Metacognition involves the following aspects of thinking:

  • It is thinking about what you have already known?
  • It includes what you don’t know?
  • It is thinking about what you still need to know?

In a few words, Metacognition is the act of accessing one’s own learning abilities. In academic assignments, the students usually use this process without getting university assignment help. Let’s suppose a student used a formula to solve the numerical problem. After some time, he realised that the second formula would be more appropriate. So, he starts using the second formula. This is Metacognition. Here, the person’s own thinking abilities suggest him what to do after lagging at one point. This ability to think out of the box and arrive at a solution on your own helps a lot during academic career, especially, in exams.

Different authors define Metacognition in different ways. Some tell it is ‘knowing about knowing’. For others, it is learning about learning. Still, for lots of us, it is the act of becoming aware of the awareness’. No matter what, the students should explore different psychologists to know more about Metacognition. In general, it is the act of accessing a person’s learning and problem-solving abilities. Hence, both self-perception and Metacognition control your thoughts and outcomes.

Self-perception and Metacognition

Self-perception and Metacognitive has many things in common. Self-perception is the act of thinking about what can you do? How much stress can you bear? How capable are you to complete the challenges? Hence, the Metacognition is a little bit similar. It is also a way to judge what’s inside one’s own brain? Metacognition also suggests you how efficient learner you are? Students can use it to find their learning flaws as well as strengths. So, the students should find ways to learn efficiently using metacognition abilities. It helps them to know about their strengths and weaknesses. Yet, in both cases, the student can use the self-judgement approach in making decisions.

Different Metacognitive strategies that help students to learn

Some Metacognition strategies may help students to learn in a better way. Though, according to Gardner Multiple Intelligence Theory, every student has his own learning style.

Metacognitive strategies

At Answer Diaries, we have listed some of the common Metacognitive strategies that are as follows:


Self-questioning is an effective technique that aims to build strong understanding. The tutors must impart self-questioning habits even in the elementary school students. This is so as it will help students to know the power of ‘WHY’. A psychologist suggests the more questions you will ask, the more folds you will be able to unfold. Hence this self-questioning technique of Metacognition can help students to score better in exams.

Loud reading

The majority of people think that loud learning leads to cramming. But, this is not so. Loud reading is the practice to control thoughts. The reason is while learning; we use only the brain and eyes. But, in loud reading, we involve the hearing power too. This is because; hearing our own voice while reading does not let our thoughts roam around. Hence, this Metacognitive strategy helps to increases concentration during the study.

Graphic organisers

Another way to improve Metacognition is to use cognitive tools, Such as graphic organisers. The visual aids help fasten the thinking process of an individual. For examples include flow charts and mind mapping. The use of pictures and graphs can help students to understand the topic in a better way.

But, as described before, the strategy can only be adopted depending on the student learning style. Some students are introverts that need self-learning practice to anticipate something. But other students like group learning as they can remember the things after listening to it. Hence, the selection of metacognition strategies totally depends on your learning style.

In conclusion, Metacognition helps the students to become good thinkers. The students with better-thinking skills are always ready to face difficult situations. So, students must use Metacognition to enhance their knowledge base and unveil their own cognition. Still, the regulation of the cognitive abilities by Metacognition is also a helpful technique for the students.

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By aamritri


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