What exactly are water softeners?
They transform hard water into so-called soft water. The transformation is done by reducing the mineral content. Hard water contains mainly calcium and magnesium, sometimes also bicarbonates and sulfates. Soft water, on the other hand, is water containing little or none of the above minerals.
This process is used to reduce the calcium, magnesium and, in some cases, manganese and iron dissolved in hard water. In effect, a water softener is a system that chemically transforms hard water into soft water.
Softeners replace the calcium and magnesium content of hard water with sodium. Sodium does not build up in pipes and does not react with soaps. This eliminates the effects of hard water. The principle of the softening system is easy to understand. Hard water enters the softener. It contains a layer of plastic beads and in some cases the material used is zeolite.
The layer of material inside the softener is impregnated with sodium ions. The sodium is exchanged with the hard water content, calcium and magnesium. When the water leaves the softener, it is considered soft water.
At a given time, the layer of plastic beads or zeolite will be saturated only with calcium and magnesium ions. This is followed by a regeneration process in which the water is mixed with a high sodium content, resulting in a strong brine. The sodium ions replace calcium and magnesium ions, which are flushed down the drain.
Normal table salt is cheap. Salt or sodium chloride is a source of sodium for water softeners. Large quantities of salt cost little. It is a good source of sodium used in water softeners. A water softening system uses several cylindrical tanks and large square tanks. The tanks store the already treated water, while the tank stores the salt used in the process. The number of tanks depends on the production and the system itself.
If the softening system is installed for domestic use, it will be inserted into the main inlet pipe of the domestic plumbing system. In this way, all water entering the house is already treated.
There are two types of water softening systems. One is the electric water softener with a single tank. This type of system is not only expensive, but also has some disadvantages. The soft water supply can be depleted because the system only uses one tank. This can also be a disadvantage, as this type requires high pressure. At night there is high pressure. At such times it is not desirable to hear the noise of running engines.
Water softener with two tanks is the second type of water softener. This type provides the household with a continuous supply of soft water. The two tanks alternate the softening and regeneration processes. Thus, there is no possibility of running out of soft water.
The salt tanks must be refilled regularly. Most softeners do not have a salt level indicator; it is recommended to check the salt level regularly to avoid contamination of the water tanks. Softeners run continuously even without salt, which can lead to contamination of the tank.
Salt-based water softening systems are not 100 % effective. Only 75% of the calcium and magnesium content of the water is removed. A salt-based softener also releases large amounts of lime brine into the environment.
The new softening system is digital. The Soo Soft electronic water softening system is a revolutionary innovation in water softening procedures. It is environmentally friendly and as effective as a salt-based water softener.