What are the colonic and anorectal fistulas?
A fistula is an unnatural passageway or tunnel within the body. Internal fistulas are an abnormal channel between two organs within the body. A fistula external is an abnormal passageway between an organ’s internal structure and the exterior of the body.
A colonic fistula can be described as an abnormal passageway from inside the colon that connects to skin’s surface or to an organ within the body like the small intestine, bladder or vagina.
An anorectal fistula can be described as an abnormal tunnel that runs from the rectum or anus to the the skin surrounding the anus. Women can have the rectovaginal fistulas. They are anorectal fistulas that are located between the rectum or anus and the vagina.
How common are colonic as well as anorectal fistulas?
Colonic fistulas are uncommon and can be an outcome of Fistula surgery or a illness such as diverticulitis Crohn’s disease, or cancer. External link of the NIH.
Studies carried out in Europe have shown that approximately 1 to 2 out of 10,000 individuals suffer from anorectal fistulas.13 Anybody can develop an anorectal fistula. It generally begins with an infection of the anus gland. Anorectal fistulas tend to occur in patients who have experienced an abscess in the anorectal area and patients with Crohn’s disease.
Anorectal fistulas occur more frequently in males than females. Although anorectal fistulas can be found at any age, the mean age of those suffering from anorectal fistulas is around 40.13,14
What are the problems associated with anorectal and colonic fistulas?
Colonic fistulas may cause complications, such as
- issues with the fluid and electrolyte balance in the external link of NIH within your body, like dehydration in the external link of the NIH, as well as low levels specific electrolytes
- infections, like urinary tract infections, such as urinary tract
- peritonitis is one of many infections that affect the abdominal lining cavity
- Abscesses are painful with pus-filled, swollen regions caused by infection
- Sepsis NIH external links, an extremely serious disease that develops when your body is afflicted with an overpowering immune system response to an illness.
Anorectal fistulas are a source of infection and abscesses in the anus, however they seldom cause serious infection. In rare instances the cancer NIH external link can develop within an the anorectal fistula.
What are the signs and symptoms of anorectal and colonic fistulas?
Consult a Fistula doctor in Kolkata for any signs of anorectal or colonic fistula.
The symptoms of colonic fistula can be varied according to the site where the fistula appears. In the case of colonic fistula, contents can be able to pass through the fistula through the other end that could be located in the skin or the internal organ.
- The symptoms of colonic fistula could be a combination of stool, fluid and gas passage
- through an opening within the skin
- In the urine
- via the vagina
- A fistula connecting the colon with another region of the intestines could result in symptoms like
- discomfort in the abdomen
- weight loss
- In some cases, colonic fistulas do not cause symptoms.
- Anorectal fistula
- Anorectal fistula symptoms can include
- the drainage of pus through an open wound in the skin that surrounds the anus
- discomfort and swelling near the anus. It can happen and go, occasionally with redness or fever.
- Anal pain
- For women the rectovaginal fistula can result in symptoms like the passing of stool or gas that enters the vagina.
- What is the cause of colonic and anorectal fistulas?
- The majority of anorectal and colonic fistulas develop after birth, which means that they do not exist in the beginning but begin to begin to develop later in the course of one’s life.
- Colonic fistula
- The most frequent reason for colonic fistulas is abdominal surgical. The diseases that cause inflammation in the GI tract, including as diverticular and Crohn’s diseases can create fistulas. Other causes are radiotherapy, cancer administered by the NIH external link, as well as injuries or trauma to the abdomen.
- Female doctor speaking to an inpatient.
The most frequent cause of colonic fistulas is abdominal surgical.
Anorectal abscesses, which are caused by infection of the glands that produce anal fluid, are the most frequent cause of anorectal fistulas.
Certain health issues can cause anorectal fistulas. These include Crohn’s disease and cancer and certain infections, such as tuberculosis NIH external links and HIV External link of NIH. The anorectal region is damaged caused by childbirth, surgery injuries, injuries or radiation therapy could cause anorectal fistulas too.